Our feet are often abused by poorly adapted shoes and our daily habits. We often do not take the same care of our feet as other parts of the body. The foot corns are frequent and most often benign although painful. In some cases, they can become infected and become red.
The formation of the corn is often due to a multitude of microtrauma like a repeated and prolonged friction in most cases. The athletes and the elderly people are the categories of population most affected by the formation of corns and calluses. A postural anomaly during the walk is often the cause. The skin thickens by activating the production of keratin to protect the tissues. Too much pressure on the forefoot or the external part of the sole of the foot is what must be corrected.
The different types of foot corns
A wide variety of foot corns exists. First, there is the Heloma Durum, also called callus or dorsal cortex. These corns are formed at the points of friction with the shoe (such as the side of the little toe or the top of the toes themselves). Second is the soft Heloma, a type of corn that is soft and lies at the bottom of the space between the toes.
Whitish and moist, it is due to maceration linked to shoes too tight. Milky Heloma closely follows and often has the appearance of sesame seeds and is located where there are no pressure zones. It is frequently painful and is regulated by a simple debridement. Finally comes the vascular or neurovascular kerat (heloma neurofribrosum) that affects more smokers than non-smokers. When people stop smoking, it tends to stop altogether.
How to cure foot corns?
At first, you can try to treat them yourself. Soft sanding with a file, pumice or grater is recommended. With these tools, you can gradually eliminate the layer of skin that is in excess. Soften the skin by soaking it in a hot water bath for at least 20 minutes and then apply moisturizer frequently.
If that is not enough, you can take keratolytic drugs that are available as ointments, bandages and plasters. After that, wearing orthopedic insoles can be a solution to reduce the pressure on your foot. You will need a prescription from your podiatrist.
As a last resort, a professional can remove corns and other calluses with appropriate tools such as a drill or a scalpel. Several sessions may be necessary to remove the corn entirely. The reduction of the corn will however bring you some temporary relief.
Corns and calluses can take many different forms and a simple podiatric consultation can reduce the pain associated with them. Call us now at 514.505.3977 to make an appointment with one of our certified podiatrists. Having a professional opinion is your best option if you do not know exactly what is happening to you and how to solve it yourself. We have a team of experts at your disposal!